Ruby Bridges is famous for going to elementary school. But that simple act by one small girl played an important part in the Civil Rights Movement.
Ruby was born on September 8, 1954 in Tylertown, Mississippi. A year later, her family moved to New Orleans, Louisiana. At that time, people wanted to keep black people and white people separate. For example, blacks and whites had separate drinking fountains, blacks had to sit in the back of buses and blacks and whites each had their own separate schools.
All that changed with Ruby, who was one of the first blacks to go to an all-white school.